“Russia is on the line of the crisis” … Former diplomat: “colonial agreements” Ethiopian fallacy of the Renaissance Dam


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Ambassador Mohamed Hegazy, the former Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for African Affairs, said that the Sudanese Foreign Ministry statement issued yesterday evening to respond to the Ethiopian allegations reflects a view that is identical with Egypt regarding the response to the repeated Ethiopian statements that carry many fallacies, including the reference to the border agreements that bring together the three countries. As colonial pacts.

The former Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs for African Affairs added to Al-Masry Al-Youm: “It is well known that border agreements are legally binding and inherited by states as regulating relations between states and the movement of groups and peoples.”

Ambassador Mohamed Hegazy indicated that the Charter of the Organization of African Unity in 1961 was keen in the first article to emphasize respect for the sanctity of borders inherited since the colonial era, considering that talking about border agreements selectively is unacceptable. The former Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs said: “The Ethiopian side, when Emperor Menelik II signed the border agreement in 1902, was an independent empire, which is absent from talking about the border agreement between Sudan and Ethiopia as a colonial pact where Ethiopia was a member of the international community and an independent state, in addition to this. In addition, the agreement specified the Benishangul area, as stated in the Sudanese statement, which is Sudanese territory for the use of the Ethiopian side, provided it does not harm the water interests of Sudan and Egypt.

Ambassador Mohamed Hegazy explained that the Ethiopian side had previously used this agreement as a basic reference in the Ethiopian-Eritrean Border Demarcation Agreement that established the independence of Eritrea and demarcated the borders with it in accordance with the 1902 Agreement, stressing that the selective choice in implementing the agreement is incomprehensible and proves that the Ethiopian side does not intend to reach an agreement. It is legally binding in a constant endeavor to include and drag the debate on issues not related to the negotiation path set by the Declaration of Principles agreement signed in March 2015 in Khartoum, which provides for negotiation in order to discuss the filling and operation of the Renaissance Dam and not any other issues that the Ethiopian side is trying to raise.

Ambassador Mohamed Hegazy said: “The fact of the matter is that the Egyptian-Sudanese moves are coordinated and are conducted with awareness. After the Minister of Foreign Affairs Sameh Shoukry completed his visits to the member states of the African Union office, Dr. Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi, the Sudanese Minister of Foreign Affairs, also made a similar tour,” adding that Ethiopia’s attempts at The recent statements of the Ethiopian Deputy Foreign Minister, indicating that they have provided Sudan with the information it needs, is a false matter aimed at creating a rift and banishing positions between Egypt and Sudan, which will not succeed by virtue of the fact that the two countries are aware that the danger is one and that it is an existential one, and it also clarifies that there is no desire for Ethiopia to reach According to an agreement and that the initiative put forward by Sudan and supported by Egypt by inviting international parties, led by the United Nations, the United States and the European Union, under African auspices, to reach a solution, and Ethiopias rejection, it is further evidence of the bad intent on the Ethiopian side and the lack of political will.

Ambassador Mohamed Hegazy pointed out that when Egypt and Sudan called on international parties to shoulder their responsibilities, it came from its view of the dangers of the current scene that threatens security and stability in the region, and said, “From here was the call for the United States to assume its responsibilities as a member of the UN Security Council and also describing it was responsible for The round of negotiations in Washington, which she conducted jointly with the World Bank, and the three countries were about to sign a comprehensive agreement for about 90% of the terms that were agreed upon, and only 10% remained to reach a solution to them when Ethiopia unilaterally withdrew.

Hegazy said: “The matter that has become clear is that Ethiopia believes that, having achieved the first filling, it can start the second filling with a single will. The matter is not consistent with the rules of international law, and Egypt has warned that the matter is now open to all options, and if it is, as President Sisi said, it sees that cooperation is better. What came out of Ethiopia from the narrow scope of its perception of absolute benefit from the waters of the Nile without considering its partners in the river, it is something that laws and laws do not accept and Egypt does not allow.

Hegazy added: “The important thing is that we are witnessing international moves, whether from the Russian side, when Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov’s recent visit to Cairo. We are also conducting foreign tours and intensifying diplomatic pressure, whether it is related to Egypt or Sudan. The United States has appointed veteran diplomat Geoffrey Feltman as its envoy for the century. The African who has knowledge of the region through his great diplomatic experience and his role can influence the conclusion of a binding agreement that allows Ethiopia to achieve its development goals without harming Egypt and Sudan’s right to life, especially since the dam is an existential threat to Sudan and Egypt, so how can an engineering facility the size of the Renaissance Dam be managed and a storage volume of about 74 One billion cubic meters without considering the dams in the rest of the border countries, foremost of which is Sudan, where the Rasweiris River is located 100 kilometers from the Renaissance Dam with a storage volume of no more than 7 billion cubic meters, which threatens this dam and threatens the rest of the dams that must be compatible with each other regarding the size Operation and Management Style ».

Ambassador Hegazy stressed that Ethiopias talk of its desire for development ignores the water rights of the two downstream countries at the same time that Ethiopia does not need this amount of water to generate the volume of electricity, as experts put during the negotiation about 15 scenarios to generate the amount of energy required from Ethiopia, which is estimated at 6.5 gigawatts. Without resorting to the indicated storage size.

He said, “It is also known that Egypt, which falls below the water poverty line, at a time when Ethiopia has enormous water resources, including 960 billion cubic meters of rain, and in Lake Tani alone, about 200 billion cubic meters of water. Therefore, Ethiopia cannot claim that it is in All this water is needed, unless there are deliberate intentions that may harm the interests of Egypt and Sudan, ”adding that Ethiopias frequent talk about exchanging data and information is intended to separate the nakedness of the Egyptian and Sudanese position and harm it.

Hegazy emphasized that it was an issue that was overlooked by the Egyptian and Sudanese stance, because the two countries realized that the threat was one and that joint action was the one that would guarantee the achievement of the interests of the three countries. He stressed that the international community must realize the dangers of leaving Ethiopia to believe that it can start the second filling without taking care of the interests of its partners in the river, which will establish a legal base that contradicts the rules of international law to manage common rivers and at the same time create a focus of violence, tension and unprecedented instability in the region. He stressed that Ethiopia should realize that reaching an agreement will lay the foundations of security and stability in the region, and the international community must assume its responsibilities in this regard.

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