Israeli aircraft launched violent raids on Gaza, after rockets were launched from Gaza towards Jerusalem.
The Hamas Ministry of Health said that nine people were killed as a result of the strikes.
Rockets were fired from Gaza towards Jerusalem, following a series of violent incidents between Israel and the Palestinians.
There were no reports of injuries, while the Israeli parliament (the Knesset) was evacuated after sirens were heard.
Hamas leaders had threatened to bomb after hundreds of Palestinians were wounded by Israeli bullets during the clashes in Jerusalem.
In recent days, the city of Jerusalem witnessed its worst violence in years.
More than 300 Palestinians were injured in the confrontations with the Israeli police outside the Al-Aqsa Mosque in East Jerusalem.
The Israeli authorities had changed the course of a march of Jewish nationalists through the streets of the Old City of Jerusalem to avoid sparking protests and reactions.
Israeli right-wing parties organize the march through the streets of East Jerusalem to celebrate the anniversary of its occupation in 1967, and usually hundreds of Jewish youths waving a flag as they passed through the Arab neighborhoods of the city near Damascus Gate, chanting nationalist songs.
The Palestinians consider the event a deliberate provocation, and the date of this march coincided with the last days of Ramadan this year.
In recent days, the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in Jerusalem has witnessed clashes between Palestinian protesters and the Israeli police, as Jewish settlers have wanted to seize homes where Palestinian families have lived for decades, claiming that they were owned by Jews before 1948.
A hearing was scheduled to take place at the High Court of Justice on Monday, but the session was postponed due to the events.
What happened in Al-Aqsa Mosque?
The Israeli police forces said that thousands of Palestinians barricaded themselves in the building during the night, with loads of rocks and Molotov cocktails in anticipation of any confrontation during the Jewish nationalist march that was scheduled to take place at four in the afternoon.
The soldiers received instructions to storm the mosque to evacuate the protesters on Monday morning, after a police station was attacked and stones were thrown towards a nearby street.
The police threw stun grenades at the protesters and fired rubber bullets at them.
Video footage showed crowds fleeing in search of shelter, and some sound bombs landed inside the mosque.
The Al-Aqsa Mosque, the third of the two sanctuaries, is located within a complex built on top of a hill. The Jews call it the Temple Mount, considering it a biblical site.
A car was stoned during the clashes and collided with a pillar and hit a man.
The Palestine Red Crescent Organization said that 305 Palestinians were injured during the clashes and 228 people were hospitalized, including seven in critical condition.
The Israeli Police said 21 police officers were injured, three of whom required hospital treatment.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu defended the police behavior and said, “This is a battle between tolerance and intolerance, between order and chaos. The elements that want to confiscate our rights force us to be strong, and this is what police officers do.”
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas condemned the Israeli behavior, and his spokesman, Nabil Abu Rudeinah, said that “the brutal attacks of the Israeli occupation forces on worshipers in the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque and its squares constitute a new challenge to the international community.”
The escalation on Monday came after a week of clashes between Palestinians and the Israeli police forces in the vicinity of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
There were reports of a clash between Israeli police forces and demonstrators in Haifa and near Ramallah.
King Abdullah II of Jordan condemned “the Israeli violations and escalation in the vicinity of the blessed Al-Aqsa Mosque.”
What makes Jerusalem a hotbed of clash?
The city, with its religious sites, is the most sacred place and the most sensitive in the decades-old conflict between Israel and the Palestinians.
In addition to its religious importance, there is a national conflict over it. Israel has annexed East Jerusalem and considers the united city its capital, although most countries of the world do not recognize this unilateral move.
The Palestinians want the eastern part of the city to be the capital of their future state.