What are the risk factors that enhance the chances of infection with black fungus?


In contrast to the first wave of the Corona virus, the second wave appeared in India in a very violent way, as it killed many people. Not only did the symptoms and complications of Corona appear in most patients, but the repercussions of the disease were difficult to address in recent times due to the complications faced by diabetics and those who suffer from Weak immunity , Corona patients are fighting another serious case of mucosal disease or fungal infections.

What is mucosal disease?

Myxomycosis is a severe fungal infection caused by a group of molds called mucous fungi, which are commonly found in soil, plants, and decomposing fruits and vegetables. It is most common in people with diabetes, those taking immunosuppressive drugs or steroids, or undergoing chemotherapy that weakens the body’s immunity and makes it unable to Fighting germs and viruses Fungi usually infect the sinuses, brain or lungs, and therefore can be very common in people who are suffering or recovering from corona..

Risk factors other than diabetes and excessive use of cortisone

While diabetes and various immunosuppressive drugs such as corticosteroids are the main causes of mucosal mycoses in corona patients, the fungi have the ability to thrive and cause damage under unsanitary conditions such as humidity in the environment, unclean environment in which patients are treated and provided With oxygen they can be a big source of infection. The organism lives with us and behaves when we are immunocompromised, and there are several reasons for this (fungal infections) – diabetes, cortisone, taking immunosuppressive drugs, chemotherapy.

This means that diabetes and excessive steroid use are not the only possible causes of the spread of the fungal infection but the possible use of industrial oxygen, tap water in humidifiers, reused masks, and the overuse of antibiotics are all possible causes.

Discovering different types of fungal infections in India

Due to the rise in the number of critical Corona patients, the number of people treating different types of fungal infections in India has increased over the past month, the cases of mycosis infection have only increased, killing lives and spreading fear among people So far, four forms of infections have been reported. Innate in different parts of India.

Black Fungus: The black fungus disease, which authorities have now described as an “epidemic” has wreaked havoc on many lives caused by a group of molds called mucormycetes, which are found in the air and which when inhaled by a patient can infect the sinuses, lungs and chest cavity.

White Fungus: Similar to the infection with black fungus, the white fungus disease is also caused by downy mildew, called “mucormycetes” While this infection is not contagious, an immunocompromised person can become infected if they come into contact with any surface containing this mold..

Yellow fungus: The first case of yellow fungus was reported in Ghaziabad, UB, India. Yellow fungus, similar to other fungal infections, is spread through contaminated environments or when mold is inhaled by the patient. (mycometes) that grows in the environment.

– Fungal Aspergillosis: Besides black, white and yellow fungus, new cases of fungal infection called aspergillosis have been detected in two government hospitals in Vadodara, Gujarat over the past week, aspergillosis is also mostly seen in corona patients or those who have recently recovered from the disease.

Why are covid patients susceptible to infection with fungi?

Patients with comorbidities, or those taking immunosuppressive medications to fight environmental pathogens, are most susceptible to fungal infections. However, critical COVID-19 patients, who have diabetes or due to severe conditions, and who are on strong immunosuppressive medications, may They develop a fungal infection not only because uncontrolled blood sugar levels make it easier for patients to become seriously ill, but poor blood sugar control may also encourage the fungus to thrive in the body.

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