The date of Eid al-Adha 1442-2021 in Egypt and Saudi Arabia
Astronomical calculations stated that Eid al-Adha date 2021 It will fall on Tuesday, July 20, 2021, which is the date of Eid Al-Adha 2021, and therefore the 2021 Arafat stop will be on Monday, July 19, 2021.
The first day of Eid al-Adha 2021 in Egypt
The Egyptian Dar Al Iftaa is specialized in advertising The date of Eid al-Adha 2021 in Egypt Thus, it surveys the crescent of the month of Dhul-Hijjah on the twenty-ninth of the month of Dhul-Qi’dah 1442 AH, and then announces the first day of Eid al-Adha 2021 in Egypt, which will correspond to this year July 20, 2021 – 10 Dhu al-Hijjah 1442 AH.
How do we know the first days of Eid al-Adha?
We know the beginning of the Hijri months, with two things that are not third to the sighting of the new moon or the completion of the waiting period of thirty. On the authority of Ibn Umar, may God be pleased with them both, that the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, mentioned Ramadan. Smote his hands, he said: «month, so and so, and so then held his thumb in the third Vsoumoua to see him, to see him and broke the fast, the fainted upon him thirty Vakedroa» Narrated by Muslim (2452).
Dar Al-Ifta’s approach to seeing the crescent
The Egyptian Dar Al-Iftaa announced its approach to sighting the crescent, which is represented in the following steps. It is the month of Ramadan, Shawwal and Dhul-Hijjah. And in order to adjust the sighting of the crescent of Ramadan and the crescent of Dhul-Qa’dah, in order to reach the most correct identification of the first three months of importance in the worship of Muslims.
The Dar Al-Iftaa said that the vision is through the scientific legal committees, which include legislators and include specialists in astronomy, and the number is seven committees, spread throughout the Arab Republic of Egypt in its length and width, in places selected by the Egyptian Survey Authority and the Meteorological Institute with its experts and scientists, in which the conditions of drought and conditions The absence of dust and obstacles to monitor the crescent.
She added that there is a visual vision that we adopt with the accurate astronomical calculation, and the astronomical calculation determines two things for us: The first matter: is the place of the descent of the moon, and in a more accurate sense: the coordinates at which the moon descends in this month. The second matter: is how the moon sets.
The Dar al-Iftaa mentioned how the moon descends, which is represented in five cases: the first case: that it sets before sunset, and the second case: that it sets with sunset. The third case: that it sets after sunset and before meeting the sun in the middle of the sky, and in these cases there is no month can be adopted; Because the month was not born according to Sharia.
And she continued: The fourth case: is that the moon descends after the sun, but before 15 hours and 40 minutes have passed from the meeting and separation between the sun and the moon, and in this case the sun’s lights are not reflected on the body of the moon, which makes it impossible to see the crescent in this case. The moon after sunset, provided that this sunset is after 15 hours and 40 minutes or more after the sun separated from the moon, then we prove – if the crescent is seen at that time – the birth of the month.
She pointed out that this period came from the fact that astronomical observations all over the world and the great and mighty observatories were unable to observe the crescent in less than 15 hours and 40 minutes after the separation. This is a consensus among astronomers, if there is a claim for sighting and the conditions of dependence have been lost – as if the moon sets before the sun, or with it, or after it and before meeting and separation, or after it and after meeting and separation, but before 15 hours and 40 minutes have passed – in all these cases if someone claims that he saw the crescent, then his testimony is rejected; According to the decision of the Islamic Research Academy in 1966 AD that the account – and because it is definitive – represents a charge against the viewer who claims otherwise.
The decision of the Synod in its third conference, held from September 30 to October 27, 1966 AD: [(أ) أن الرؤية هي الأصل في معرفة دخول أي شهر قمري كما يدل عليه الحديث الشريف، فالرؤية هي الأساس، لكن لا يُعتمَد عليها إذا تمكنت فيها التُّهَم تمكنًا قويًّا. (ب) يكون ثبوت رؤية الهلال بالتواتر والاستفاضة، كما يكون بخبر الواحد ذكرًا كان أو أنثى، إذا لم تتمكن التهمة في إخباره لسبب من الأسباب، ومن هذه الأسباب: مخالفة الحساب الفلكي الموثوق به الصادر ممن يوثق به]But if the vision agrees with the calculation – in the manner presented above – then the month is proven by that vision.
The Egyptian Dar Al-Iftaa confirmed its commitment to this by the decisions of the Jeddah Conference, which do not deviate from the approach of the Egyptian Dar Al-Ifta by relying on visual vision on the one hand, and using accurate astronomical calculations on the other.