Monday 26 July 2021
Books – Ahmed Massad:
There is a state of anticipation and silence and the absence of any statements by the Egyptian Ministries of Irrigation and Foreign Affairs about the nature of the second filling of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, and the subsequent Ethiopian floods during the current period, with those concerned with the crisis putting forward the effects resulting from this filling.
In the following report, “Masrawy” monitors the effects of this filling on the downstream countries, Egypt and Sudan, and the most affected by both sides.
Limited impact, but a worrying sign.
With these words, Dr. Mohamed Nasr Allam, the former Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, began his speech by saying: The impact of the second filling will certainly be on Egypt; As Sudan takes its full share by virtue of its position, noting that everything that is seized is a share of what was previously received.
Allam added, in a special statement he made to “Masrawy”, that the impact will be limited; As a result of double the stored quantity, pointing out that the real effect will be in large quantities; Specifically during the drought period, because all that will be reserved will be discharged from the amount of water stored in the lake of the High Dam.
The former Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation pointed out that Egypt is a downstream country; It is the most influential with the upcoming filling stages, adding that Cairo suffers from water poverty and depends on the Nile River for 90%.
During the second filling process, Ethiopia reserved a quantity of water ranging between 3 and 4 billion cubic meters, while last year it reserved 4.5 billion; For a total of what has been reserved 7 billion and a half billion cubic meters.
Dr. Abbas Sharaki, a professor of geology at Cairo University and an expert on water resources and irrigation, said that the effects of the second filling are to delay the arrival of the Blue Nile waters to Egypt for a period of no less than two weeks, noting that the amount that is being seized is from Egypt’s share.
Sharaki added, in a special statement he made to “Masrawy”, that Sudan is currently the most affected; Because it leads to the dams of Meroe and Sennar, and certainly the largest dam, which is the Roseris dam. where the six gates were opened; Because Ethiopia had announced the seizure of 13.5 billion, while it reserved 8 billion; Therefore, Sudan has been emptying the water for a month.
The water resources expert explained that Sudan is witnessing heavy rains; Specifically, the southern half of Khartoum, along with the flood of the Blue Nile coming from Ethiopia, which represents a burden; Where Sudan has been storing water in dams until late; It is one of the most serious problems between the three countries, employment, stressing the need to sign a binding legal agreement.
Sharaki pointed out that so far the flood has not reached Sudan, but rather arrives in August, while Egypt is in mid-August, and will continue until March, adding that the amount of water that currently reaches from 400,000 to 500,000 cubic meters, and will double next week. .
Dr. Diaa Al-Qusi, advisor to the former Minister of Irrigation, confirmed that the effects will currently be very limited, due to the availability of water in the High Dam and the upcoming flood situation, noting that any unilateral storage is already from the shares of the two downstream countries.
The advisor to the Minister of Irrigation pointed out, in a special statement he made to “Masrawy”, that the seizure of 4 and a half billion, last year, was from the share of the two downstream countries, and if it were not for its reservation, it would have reached the lake of the High Dam, and the same idea goes back to the second storage.. The most important currently is There is no shortage of Egypt’s water share, estimated at 55.5 billion cubic meters.
It is worth noting that negotiations have been suspended between the three parties, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, since last April. Where the last tour was in the Congolese capital, Kinshasa, sponsored by the African Union.