Following a recommendation issued by the UN Security Council, both Egypt and Sudan To resume negotiations on the Renaissance Dam crisis between Cairo, Khartoum and Addis Ababa, with the mediation of the African Union.
The UN Security Council demanded on Wednesday, Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan To resume negotiations under the auspices of the African Union to reach an agreement on the Renaissance Dam.
The council said in an announcement that its project was presented by Tunisia, that the agreement must be acceptable to all and binding on filling and operating AlNahda dam Within a reasonable time schedule.
In turn, Egypt welcomed Wednesday evening the statement of the Security Council, and confirmed, according to a statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, that the words of the Council require Ethiopia to engage seriously and with a sincere political will in order to reach a binding legal agreement on the rules for filling and operating the dam.
While Sudan renewed its call for the resumption of negotiations between the three countries under the auspices of the African Union.
Renaissance Dam (file photo from Reuters)
Sudanese Foreign Minister Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi said in a meeting with her Congolese counterpart in Khartoum on Wednesday, according to what the Sudan News Agency reported, that her country looks forward to the parties resuming the negotiating process under the leadership of the African Union as soon as possible, stressing at the same time the need to change the ineffective methodology. that marked the last rounds of negotiations.
It is worth noting that since 2011, Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia have been negotiating an agreement on filling and operating the Renaissance Dam, which is intended to be the largest source of hydroelectric power in Africa, with a capacity of 6,500 megawatts.
In March 2015, the leaders of Egypt and Sudan and the Prime Minister of Ethiopia signed in Khartoum a Declaration of Principles agreement with the aim of overcoming differences.
Renaissance Dam – AFP
Ethiopia considers the dam necessary to achieve economic development, while Egypt considers it a vital threat, as the Nile provides it with about 97% of its irrigation and drinking water.
Although Egypt and Sudan urged Ethiopia to postpone its plans to fill the dam’s reservoir until a comprehensive agreement was reached, Addis Ababa announced on July 21, 2020 that it had completed the first phase of filling the 4.9 billion cubic meter reservoir.
Addis Ababa also announced in July 2021 that it had achieved its goal for the second year with regard to filling the dam, and that the amount of water present was sufficient to start energy production.