Crusader soldiers whose remains were found in two mass graves in Lebanon


Archaeologists have found two mass tombs containing the remains of European soldiers from the time of the Crusades, near the ruins of “St. Louis Castle” in the city of Sidon, 40 kilometers to the south of Beirut, which was not built by the Crusaders in 1228, 80 meters from the coast of the city. As the famous “Sidon Sea Castle”.

As for the soldiers, their buried and charred remains were found in 2015, but the study took a long time to reveal the truth of their killing, and it was announced who those soldiers were, when and how they were killed only 3 weeks ago.

In the two tombs, they found the broken bones, some charred, of at least 25 young men and boys inside a dry trench near the castle, while studies indicate that their deaths occurred during or after one of the battles of the Crusades.

While examinations of their remains indicated that they were among the thousands of Europeans who were pushed by priests and rulers between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries, to take up arms in an attempt to restore the “Holy Lands” and then their journey ended with death in the 13th century from serious wounds sustained during or after battle. As for the video shown below, it is from the day in 2015 they found the remains of the soldiers in the two cemeteries, yet their news has been absent from the media for 6 years.

The importance of what was found in the two tombs, despite the huge numbers of dead in the Crusades, “is that it is rare to find mass graves dating back to this historical period,” according to what read, from what was reported by the American magazine Plos One who excavated and analyzed the remains, And he is the British Richard Mikulski, Professor of “Archaeology” at the University of University Bournemouth in Britain, and the host: “We made sure that we made a special discovery when we found a lot of traces of injuries on the bones,” he said.

The professor points out in the phrase that the killing may have occurred when the Crusaders invaded the castle for the first time, that is, after the first crusade in 1110 to retrieve the “holy lands” where they held the strategic port of Sidon for more than a century, while the castle was destroyed after that during two attacks: the first was in 1253 Partially at the hands of the Mamluks in 1253, and the second in 1260 by the Mongols, so researchers say that it is “highly likely” that these soldiers were killed during one of these battles, pointing to harsh killing methods, because the bones bear traces of stab wounds with swords and axes, and evidence of injuries. severe.

They were buried by a king who died of a disease you missed with gums

The soldiers were also wounded more in the back than in the front, which indicates that many of them were attacked from behind, perhaps while trying to escape, as the attackers chased the defeated Crusaders on horseback, and blade wounds appeared on the backs of some of them, a sign of possible capture. Alive, before they were beheaded, while other traces on the bones indicate an attempt was made to cremate the bodies, which were then left to rot on the battlefield, and later transported to a mass grave.

Saint Louis Castle, right, where they found the two tombs, is not built by the Crusaders in 1228 in Sidon, and its picture is to the left

Saint Louis Castle, right, where they found the two tombs, is not built by the Crusaders in 1228 in Sidon, and its picture is to the left

A metal clip they found among the bones reveals that the dead soldiers are “Frankish” and hail from the area that currently includes Belgium and France, while the date of their killing indicates that the King of France, Louis IX, was most likely the one who later ordered their burial “as Crusader records tell us that he was on He led a crusade to the Holy Land at the time of the 1253 attack on Sidon, which he headed after the battle and personally helped bury the rotting bodies in mass graves,” according to Piers Mitchell, a professor of “anthropology” at the University of “Cambridge” British.

It is historically known about King Louis IX that he was religious, and one of the most famous rulers of his era when he led the seventh and eighth campaigns, following a pledge he made to himself if divine providence helped him recover from malaria, and he apparently had what he wanted, because his death while leading the campaign in 1270 The eighth, it was a complication of Scurvy disease, known in Arabic as “scurvy”, resulting from a lack of “vitamin C” in the body and the killer of the gums of the mouth as the first victims of human organs.

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