The 28-year-old moved on loan to the Tunisian team for a year, with the right to buy.
Konate previously played for Russias Krasnodar, Genoa, Italy, Sion of Switzerland, Amiens and Dijon in France.
According to Turkish press reports, the player was close to moving to Malatyaspor before Esperance entered the line to sign him.
Konate participated in 32 games last season with Dijon, during which he scored five goals and assisted one goal.
Esperance announced the departure of its coach Moeen Chabani earlier to take over the task of Radhi Jaidi.