Tuesday 28 September 2021
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A high level of cholesterol increases the risk of heart attacks or strokes in the long term, but experts distinguish between two types of cholesterol, which are the bad LDL cholesterol and the good HDL cholesterol, or what is known as low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
The experts of the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care emphasized that a high level of “bad” LDL cholesterol in the blood is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but on the other hand, it is believed that a high level of “good” HDL cholesterol has a positive effect against this risk.
The difference between the two types
The “bad” LDL cholesterol is a protein that ensures the transport of cholesterol from the liver to the body, knowing that cholesterol is necessary for metabolism, but if its level increases, it can be deposited in the walls of blood vessels, and at the same time, HDL proteins ensure that cholesterol is returned to the liver.
The higher the level of LDL or total cholesterol in the blood, the higher the risk of cardiovascular disease, however, this is only one of several factors influencing, high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking or advanced age are all other important factors.
In addition, family history must be taken into account, in terms of parents or siblings suffering from strokes or heart attacks, and in general men are more at risk than women.
There are other causes of high cholesterol, such as lifestyle, diabetes, rheumatism, thyroid disease, or liver and kidney disease. Certain medications, such as cortisone preparations, can also raise cholesterol levels. Sometimes, a genetic metabolic disorder is also a cause. .
To prevent high cholesterol levels, experts recommended consuming as little saturated fat as possible, which is found in butter, and if there is high blood pressure, it is best to follow a low-salt diet.
Anyone who is obese should try to lose some weight, and experts always recommend regular exercise and smoking cessation.