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The pyramids showed the power and wealth of the pharaohs and promoted their religious beliefs, so why did the ancient Egyptians stop building the pyramids shortly after the beginning of the New Kingdom? And why are the pharaohs buried in the Valley of the Kings near the ancient Egyptian capital Thebes, which is now known as Luxor instead of the pyramids?
For more than a thousand years, the ancient Egyptians built the pyramids in which the kings of the ancient Egyptian state were buried, but the mystery that puzzled scientists is the reason for stopping the construction of these pyramids.
And the scientific website “Live Science” says that the iconic pyramids show the power and wealth of the pharaohs and promote their religious ideas.
The site asked: “But why did they stop building the pyramids shortly after the beginning of the era of the New Kingdom?”
It seemed that the construction of the pyramids declined after the reign of King Ahmose, and the pharaohs were buried in the Valley of the Kings near the ancient capital of Egypt, “Thebes”, which is now known as Luxor.
The Thebes online mapping project indicates that the first confirmed royal tomb in the valley was built during the reign of Thutmose I (r. 1504-1492 BC), meaning that he decided not to be buried in a pyramid, and it is possible that his predecessor, Amenhotep, also built his tomb In the Valley of the Kings.
Why did the construction stop?
The scientific website says it is not entirely clear why the pharaohs stopped building the royal pyramids, but security concerns may be one of the reasons.
From the point of view of the professor of Egyptology at Harvard University, Peter Manuelian, there are many theories, but the “certain” exposure of the pyramids to looting played a role in prompting the pharaohs to hide the royal tombs in a remote valley, to be carved in the rock, with the assumption that there were many Guards around to protect her.
As for the professor of Egyptology at the British University of Bristol, Aidan Dodson, he believes that the pharaohs stopped preparing the burial chamber in the pyramids even before they abandoned the pyramids of kings.
He stated that the last pyramid of a pharaonic king belonged to King Ahmose the First in Abydos (currently located in Sohag Governorate), and his tomb was half a kilometer from the pyramid and located in the middle of the desert, according to Sky News Arabia.
Perhaps one of the historical records explains the reason for stopping the burial of kings in the pyramids and thus stopping the construction of these huge architectural masterpieces.
The record written by a man named “Enini”, who were responsible for the construction of the tomb of King Thutmose I in the Valley of the Kings, indicates a security reason.
“I have supervised the excavation of His Majesty’s tomb alone,” Enini wrote. “No one hears, no one sees.”
The topography of the Valley of the Kings may explain why it was chosen as a preferred location for royal tombs during the era of the pharaohs. the top.
For the ancient Egyptians, the pyramid was important because it was a place of “transformation and ascent” after the end of life.
Perhaps Luxor (good in the era of the pharaohs) played a role in the deterioration of the construction of the pyramids, and its topographical nature constituted an obstacle to the construction of new pyramids.