The Egyptian Dar Al-Iftaa surveys this Friday evening, the crescent of the month of Rabi’ al-Akhir for the year 1443 AH, through its legal committees spread throughout the Republic.
Dr. Gad El-Qadi, head of the National Institute for Astronomical and Geophysical Research, stated that according to the astronomical calculations carried out by the institute, the crescent of the month of Rabi’ al-Akhir for the year 1443 AH will be born immediately after the conjunction occurred at exactly 11:15 pm Cairo local time on Thursday, corresponding to 4 11/2021 AD (the day before the day of sighting).
The National Institute for Astronomical Research indicated, in a statement, that Friday, the 29th of Rabi’ al-Awwal 1443 AH corresponding to 5/11/2021 AD (the day of sighting).
The new crescent remains in the sky of Makkah Al-Mukarramah for 35 minutes, and in Cairo for 33 minutes after sunset on that day (the day of sighting), and in the rest of the governorates of the Arab Republic of Egypt, the new crescent remains in its sky for periods ranging from (33-36 minutes). In Arab and Islamic capitals and cities, the new crescent will remain after sunset for periods ranging between (29-45 minutes), and thus the first astronomical month of Rabi’ al-Akhir 1443 AH will be on Saturday 6/11/2021 AD.
God subjugated the earth and the sky to serve man, so the sky was rich with celestial bodies that can study time through their movement, for the stability and stability of their movement like the stars “the sun, the planet and the moons.” The Arabic word for “calendar” is the first day of the month.
Many peoples have adopted their own calendars, such as the Egyptian Pharaonic “Coptic” calendar – the Julian “Gregorian” Gregorian calendar – the Hebrew calendar – the Syriac calendar – the Roman calendar – the Persian calendar – the Greek calendar – the Babylonian calendar – the Hijri calendar.
The Hijri calendar system is based on the lunar month, which is represented by the length of time that the moon takes to make a complete revolution around the Earth. 9 Ramadan – 10 Shawwal – 11 Dhul Qi’dah – 12 Dhul-Hijjah.
The Hijri, lunar, or Islamic calendar is a calendar based on the lunar cycle to determine the months. Some Arab countries, such as Saudi Arabia, take it as the official calendar of the state. It was established by Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab and made the migration of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, from Mecca to Medina on Rabi’ Al-Awwal 12 (September 24 A.D. 622 AD) as a reference for the first year in it, and this is the reason for calling it the Hijri calendar.