Pneumonia is one of the most prominent health problems that cause many complications if not treated immediately, and it is an infection that leads to inflammation of the air sacs in one or both lungs, and the air sacs may be filled with fluid or pus, causing cough With phlegm or pus, fever, chills, difficulty breathing.
According to the website, mayoclinic The severity of pneumonia can range from mild to life-threatening. They are more dangerous for infants and young children, people over 65, and people with health problems or a weakened immune system..
There are some signs of pneumonia, including:
Signs and symptoms of pneumonia vary from mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, your age and general health. Mild signs and symptoms are often similar to those of a cold or flu, but they last longer.
There are 5 main symptoms that indicate pneumonia, which are::
Chest pain when breathing or coughing.
Coughing that may produce phlegm.
Fever, sweating and chills.
Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea.
-Shortness of breath.
Newborns and infants may show no sign of infection or may vomit, have a fever and cough, appear restless or tired and without energy, or have difficulty breathing and eating.
Many germs can cause pneumonia, but the most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe, and your body usually prevents these germs from infecting your lungs. But sometimes these germs can overwhelm your immune system, even if you are generally in good health. Pneumonia is classified by the types of germs that cause it and where it is infected..
Other risk factors include:
You are more likely to get pneumonia if you are in a hospital intensive care unit, especially if you use a machine to help you breathe (ventilator).
You are more likely to get pneumonia if you have asthma or COPD ( COPD ) or heart disease.
Smoking. Smoking destroys the body’s natural defenses against bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia.
Weakened immune systems. People with HIV/AIDS, who have had an organ transplant, or those receiving chemotherapy or long-acting steroids are at risk..