Ruling on someone who dies and has to fast because of illness and was not able to make it up.. I know the answer

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The Dar al-Iftaa answered the question of the ruling on a person who died owing fasting because of illness and was unable to make it up, and the response of the house was as follows: Whoever breaks his fast in Ramadan because of a disease from which it is thought most likely to be cured according to the opinion of specialized medical professionals, then dies in this illness, or God Almighty cured him of it But he died immediately after that: he does not have to fast or pay the ransom. Because he was not able to make up the days of fasting that he broke his fast before his death, and because he is not required to pay the ransom in this case of his illness.

She added fasting is one of the duties of Islam that God Almighty has bestowed upon it with the ability; God’s mercy on his creation required not to burden the soul with what it could not bear, and for this reason, God Almighty legislated a license to break the fast for those who find it difficult to perform the obligation of fasting in Ramadan for an excuse, then spend it after the excuse is removed, and Glory be to Him, explained the excuses that allow breaking the fast; And the Almighty said: {And whoever is ill or on a journey, then the number of days is from other days. [البقرة: 185].

The disease that permits breaking the fast is that which leads to self-harm, or an increase in the illness, or a delay in recovery, by informing the specialists of the doctors. Rather, if fasting harms his health, then he must break the fast in order to protect himself from perishing. of embarrassment and hardship for him; In accordance with the words of God Almighty: “And do not cast yourself into destruction” [البقرة: 195]And the Almighty’s saying: [الحج: 78]And the saying of the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him and his family: “And whatever I command you, do as much of it as you are able.” Narrated by Ahmad in his “Musnad” from the hadith of Abu Hurairah, may God be pleased with him, and God Almighty’s saying regarding fasting: [البقرة: 185].

If the disease is one that is most likely to be cured – and this is according to the specialists of medicine – and it is not chronic, and the patient breaks his fast because of it, in the hope that he will make up the days that he did not fast after complete recovery and wellness, then he was cured, but he was not able to make up the days that he did not fast until he died, or died in this illness; nothing on him; Because it is a condition for the obligation to make up for several other days; As the Almighty said: “And if any of you is sick or on a journey, then the number of days is from other days.” [البقرة: 184]and did not inform her of his death; The judiciary fell in his right, and because he was not required to pay the ransom in the event of his illness, which is most likely to be cured, according to the specialists of medicine, and this is what the majority of jurists are upon.

Based on that: whoever breaks his fast in Ramadan because of a disease from which it is thought most likely that he will be cured, according to the specialists of medicine, and then dies in this illness, or God Almighty cured him of it, but he died immediately after that; nothing on him; Because he was not able to make up the days of fasting that he broke his fast before his death, and because he was not required to pay the ransom during this illness.



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